Credit: Coonamessett Farm Foundation

March 17, 2017
Contact: Ryan Silva

2017-2018 Sea Scallop Research Set-Aside Recommended Awards Announced

NOAA Fisheries Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) and the New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC) are pleased to announce 17 projects that will be funded through the Sea Scallop Research Set-Aside (RSA) Program (see Table 1). This research will contribute to the management of one of the nation’s most valuable commercial fisheries.

“The Scallop RSA Program continues to be integral to the successful management of this fishery,” said New England Council Chairman Dr. John Quinn. “We genuinely appreciate everyone’s long-standing engagement with this program. We have many industry members, managers, institutions, and researchers who help us set our research priorities, and this collaboration has fostered a constructive feedback loop between science and management.”

The awards are expected to generate more than $15 million; $3.5 million to fund research and $11.5 million to compensate industry partners who harvest set-aside quota. More than 30 researchers from 15 organizations will be conducting the projects.

Projects will address sea scallop research priorities established by the NEFMC for 2017 and 2018. Among these are resource surveys to estimate scallop biomass, projects addressing bycatch reduction, and work to improve understanding of scallop biology and recruitment.

"The Research Set-Aside Program funds science projects that are directly applicable to the management of Atlantic sea scallop - a highly valuable resource," said Jon Hare, director of the Northeast Fisheries Science Center. "The selected projects complement research and monitoring that is ongoing at the NEFSC and this collaborative approach - enabled by the RSA program - is a real strength for scallop science and management."

Research set-aside programs are unique to federal fisheries in the Greater Atlantic Region. Under the scallop RSA program, no federal funds are provided to support the research. Instead, projects are awarded pounds of scallops, which have been “set aside” from the overall fishery allocation by the NEFMC for this purpose. Successful applicants partner with the fishing industry to harvest their set-aside award to generate funds for the research. There are active research set-aside programs for Atlantic sea scallops, Atlantic herring, and monkfish.

The NEFMC established the sea scallop RSA program to address research that will support management of the scallop resource. The NEFMC annually sets the research priorities and researchers compete for funding through a federal grant competition managed by NOAA Fisheries. NOAA Fisheries does not retain or use any of these funds. To learn more about these unique programs, please visit the Research Set-Aside (RSA) Program.

Click image to enlarge Figure 1. RSA scallop HabCam surveys in 2017
Click image to enlarge Figure 2. RSA scallop drop camera surveys in 2017
Click image to enlarge Figure 3. RSA scallop dredge surveys in 2017

2017/2018 Scallop RSA Award Summary

Scallop Surveys

Extensive survey coverage of the sea scallop resource this summer will support both the NEFMC’s management decisions and the upcoming sea scallop stock assessment in 2018. The six awards made under this competition, and three pre-existing survey awards from last year, will provide survey coverage throughout the Mid-Atlantic Bight and on Georges Bank, including several high-intensity surveys of scallop access areas. Surveys will be conducted using a mix of imaging technologies and survey dredges.

A team of researchers led by the Coonamessett Farm Foundation will conduct an optical survey of the Nantucket Lightship using the HabCam V3 instrument system (Figure 1). They will also coordinate closely with researchers from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science who are conducting a dredge survey to better understand survey dredge efficiency.

The University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, School for Marine Science and Technology (SMAST) received three awards to conduct surveys using their drop-camera array (Figure 2). High resolution surveys of Closed Area I, Closed II, and the Elephant Trunk will be completed, as well as a broad-scale survey in the Mid-Atlantic Bight and Georges Bank.

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) received two awards to support survey work this funding cycle. VIMS will conduct a fine-scale dredge survey of Closed Area II and surrounds for the second year in row and survey the Mid-Atlantic Bight in 2018 (Figure 3). Investigators also will assess variable dredge efficiency as a function of scallop density and evaluate shorter survey tows.

Three awards made last year will continue to support survey work this summer. VIMS will conduct intensive dredge surveys in the Nantucket Lightship Area and throughout the Mid-Atlantic Bight, and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution will conduct a Habcam survey on the northern part of Georges Bank. See Figures 1-3 for more detail on 2017 scallop RSA surveys.

Bycatch Mitigation

Credit: Coonamessett Farm Foundation

Two projects undertaken by the Coonamessett Farm Foundation focus on reducing bycatch by modifying scallop dredge gear. Both projects will improve on previous dredge designs to further reduce bycatch while maintaining target catch of scallops. One project will modify the dredge bag to increase escapement by finfish and small scallops. Another project will use the flume tank at Memorial University in Newfoundland to better understand hydrodynamic characteristics of a low-profile dredge design and ways to improve dredge performance.

The Coonamessett Farm Foundation will continue its seasonal bycatch survey on Georges Bank, collecting information on bycatch rates for yellowtail flounder and other species relative to scallop meat yield. This year, the project will shift focus from the northern part of Georges Bank to Closed Area II. Data also will be used to evaluate sea scallop health and meat quality to inform questions about several flounder species and to examine lobsters for shell disease while also collecting biological data.

Coonamessett Farm will continue its loggerhead sea turtle tagging program, with plans to tag up to 15 turtles with water-activated satellite tags. Researchers will observe sea turtle behavior using a remotely operated vehicle, take biological samples, and collect length and weight measurements. This year, in addition to supporting ongoing objectives, the project will characterize overlaps between the distribution of loggerhead sea turtles and sea scallop fishing activity in southern New England and Georges Bank. Finally, this group will analyze the association between loggerhead sea turtles and a nematode parasite that infects scallops.

In collaboration with the University of New England, VIMS will attempt to quantify immediate, short-term (72 hour) and extended (post-72 hour) discard mortality of monkfish after capture in scallop dredges. This will be done through direct observation using an on-deck tank system and by using pop-up satellite tags.

Researchers at SMAST will study the swimming capabilities and behaviors of yellowtail and windowpane flounders in a new seawater tank facility. Investigators will evaluate various aspects of swimming physiology, including speed and endurance, in an attempt to inform potential bycatch mitigation strategies and conservation engineering designs.

Sea Scallop Biology, Meat Quality, and Productivity Projects

The University of Delaware will further develop incidental mortality estimates for scallops exposed to dredging. Investigators will focus on hard-bottom habitats and develop size-specific incidental mortality estimates by analyzing previously collected images. Results from this research will be available for the 2018 sea scallop assessment.

Expanding on previous sea scallop gray-meat research, SMAST will attempt to delineate the southern range of gray-meat occurrences and assess the growth, meat weights, and reproductive potential of animals found with gray meat in scallop populations. This project will complement ongoing lab-based research funded last year.

SMAST, in collaboration with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, will develop a predictive model for scallop recruitment to improve the understanding of spawning and recruitment dynamics. Results could assist managers with considering recruitment dynamics when making management decisions.

SMAST will explore how environmental, management, and behavioral factors influence sea scallop landings-per-unit-effort (LPUE) in an attempt to improve the accuracy of LPUE estimates. These estimates are used to help set overall fishery allocations, as well as the number of fishing days allocated for the Limited Access scallop fishery. Researchers will collaborate with the sea scallop assessment working group so that information can be used in the 2018 sea scallop assessment.

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For more information about these awards and the Scallop RSA Program, please contact Ryan Silva (ryan.silva@noaa.gov, 978-281-9326), Cheryl Corbett (cheryl.corbett@noaa.gov, 508-495-2070), or Jonathon Peros (jperos@nefmc.org, 978-465-0492).

Learn more about the Sea Scallop RSA program and previously funded research projects by visiting this page.

Table 1. 2017-2018 Sea Scallop Research Set-Aside Projects

Institution,
Principal Investigator
Project Title Set-Aside Award
based on $12 per pound
Coonamessett Farm Foundation (CFF),
Luisa Garcia
Optimizing the Georges Bank Scallop Fishery by Maximizing Meat Yield and Minimizing Bycatch 164,509 lbs. scallops

Research: $493,528
Compensation: $1,480,584
Total: $1,974,112
CFF,
Ronald Smolowitz
An Optical Assessment of Sea Scallop and Predator Abundance and Distribution in the Nantucket Lightship Closed Area and Surrounds in Coordination with the VIMS Dredge Survey 61,833 lbs. scallops

Research: $195,750
Compensation: $546,250
Total: $742,000
CFF,
Farrell Davis
Development of an Extended Link Apron: A Broad Range Tool for Bycatch Reduction 87,000 lbs. scallops

Research: $261,000
Compensation: $783,000
Total: $1,044,000
CFF,
Samir Patel, PhD
Understanding the Impacts of the Atlantic Sea Scallop Fishery on Loggerhead Sea Turtles 74,917 lbs. scallops

Research: $224,750
Compensation: $674,250
Total: $899,000
CFF,
Liese Siemann, PhD
Improving a Low Profile Dredge Using Computational Fluid Dynamics and Flume Tank Testing 38,662 lbs. scallops

Research: $115,985
Compensation: $347,955
Total: $463,940
University Of Delaware,
Arthur Trembanis, PhD
A Study of Incidental Mortality in Sea Scallops Investigating Predator Response and Size Selective Rates Of Mortality From BACI Image Surveys 185,583 lbs. scallops

Research: $556,748
Compensation: $1,670,248
Total: $2,226,996
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (SMAST),
Steven Cadrin, PhD
Factors Influencing Scallop Landings per Unit Effort (LPUE) 22,517 lbs. scallops

Research: $77,200
Compensation: $192,999
Total: $270,199
SMAST,
Daniel Georgiana, PhD
Monitoring Gray Meat Infestations in Atlantic Sea Scallops in a Closed Area on Georges Bank 35,680 lbs. scallops

Research: $119,884
Compensation: $308,276
Total: $428,160
SMAST,
Kevin Stokesbury, PhD
High-resolution Drop Camera Survey Examining the Scallop Population and Habitat in the Closed Area I Access Area and Sliver 12,137 lbs. scallops

Research: $42,480
Compensation: $103,167
Total: $145,647
SMAST,
Changsheng Chen, PhD
Sea Scallop Larval and Early Juvenile Transport along the Northeast Continental shelf: A Modeling Tool to Enhance Scallop Management of Rotationally Closed Areas 113,022 lbs. scallops

Research: $339,065
Compensation: $1,017,195
Total: $1,356,260
SMAST,
Kevin Stokesbury, PhD
High-resolution Drop Camera Survey Examining the Scallop Population and Habitat in the Closed Area II Access Area and Extension 25,560 lbs. scallops

Research: $89,458
Compensation: $217,257
Total: $306,715
SMAST,
Pingguo He, PhD
Measuring Swimming Capacity of Yellowtail and Windowpane Flounders 41,425 lbs. scallops

Research: $124,276
Compensation: $372,826
Total: $497,102
SMAST,
Kevin Stokesbury, PhD
2017 Broadscale Drop Camera Survey of the US East Coast Sea Scallop Resource 75,518 lbs. scallops

Research: $256,681
Compensation: $649,536
Total: $906,217
VA Institute of Marine Science (VIMS),
David Rudders, PhD
A Cooperative High Precision Dredge Survey to Assess the Mid-Atlantic Sea Scallop Resource Area in 2018 74,426 lbs. scallops

Research: $182,373
Compensation: $710,741
Total: $893,114
VIMS,
David Rudders, PhD
An Assessment of Sea Scallop Abundance and Distribution in Georges Bank Closed Area II and the Southern Extension Closure 30,435 lbs. scallops

Research: $80,044
Compensation: $285,178
Total: $365,222
VIMS,
David Rudders, PhD
Evaluating the Condition and Discard Mortality of Monkfish, Lophius americanus, Following Capture and Handling in the Sea Scallop Dredge Fishery 128,252 lbs. scallops

Research: $346,718
Compensation: $1,192,309
Total: $1,539,027
VIMS,
David Rudders, PhD
A Study to Assess the Effect of Tow Duration and Estimate Dredge Efficiency for the VIMS Sea Scallop Dredge Survey 105,043 lbs. scallops

Research: $283,615
Compensation: $976,895
Total: $1,260,510
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